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Whose Heroes Does A City Remember?

Soundings issue 3 summer 1996 whose heroes does a city remember? cynthia cockburn cynthia cockburn reviews the power of place: urban landscapes as public history by dolores hayden (the mit press, 1995) when i was a child and my mother took me shopping in town she'd point to the bronze statue of a stout gentleman in victorian clothes, commanding the intersection near the local businessmen's dining club. Which of their landmarks are still visible, in spite of savage redevelopment.7 how can women and 'people of color' recover and give a pride of place to our own past? t he initiative worked with collaborative teams of historians, artists, architects, planners and local organisations to find, as hayden puts it, 'ways to rebuild public memory in the city around different sites and buildings'.
Soundings soundings issue 3 Summer 1996

Whose Heroes Does a City Remember?

Soundings issue 3 summer 1996 whose heroes does a city remember? cynthia cockburn cynthia cockburn reviews the power of place: urban landscapes as public history by dolores hayden (the mit press, 1995) when i was a child and my mother took me shopping in town she'd point to the bronze statue of a stout gentleman in victorian clothes, commanding the intersection near the local businessmen's dining club. Which of their landmarks are still visible, in spite of savage redevelopment.7 how can women and 'people of color' recover and give a pride of place to our own past? t he initiative worked with collaborative teams of historians, artists, architects, planners and local organisations to find, as hayden puts it, 'ways to rebuild public memory in the city around different sites and buildings'.
Soundings Issue 3, Summer 1996

DIVISIONS IN THE LAAGER - THE SOUTH AFRICAN CRISIS

the statement was greeted with cheers from the wish-fulfilling english-speaking establishment: it meant, they said, that mr botha had given the presidential seal of approval to the claim made some years ago by the verlig dr piet koornhof, now chairman of the president's council, that 'apartheid is dead'. In may this year mr botha rewrote de tocqueville: 'whenever a country experiences a period of reform, there is bound to be uncertainty,' he told the president's council, one of the new institutions devised to put a gloss on apartheid.
Marxism Today August 1986

Radical Visionaries: Powell And Pressburger

For example, as christie suggests, it would counter the claims made for the realist tradition in film, establishing an 'other' strand in british film-making which has been repressed, to the extent that two major studies of recent years, british cinema history and national fictions: world war two in british films and television, barely mention the work of the archers, powell's and pressburger's production company.2 what christie sees as powell's and pressburger's displaced position in british film culture is further evoked by his choice of cinematic comparisons and associations; martin scorsese writes the foreword and his final chapter discusses the films of derek jarman, neil jordan and julien temple (surely ken russell should have been there too). christie's book not only suggests means of exploring the work of two major british film-makers but also points us in the direction of a reassessment of the priorities of writing about film within a wider cultural context, and of a cinema that has received barely any support from the orthodox film culture of this country.
New Formations Number 1 Spring 1987

On The Race Track

but the reaction of the labour leadership to brent's suspension of primary school headmistress maureen mcgoldrick - or indeed to the revolt of the dewsbury parents, or even to the campaign against ray honeyford at drummond middle school in bradford - has effectively challenged neither caricature nor substance (the continuing power of the former is confirmed by the latest contribution to the fashionable genre of anti-anti-racist diatribe, in which daily mail leader writer russell lewis wheels out 'baa baa black sheep' yet again).6 in fact, there is an overwhelming case for the assertion that there was something seriously rotten in the state of brent when labour took over in 1986; while a majority of brent's schoolchildren were black, there were only 10% black teachers (and at mrs mcgoldrick's school the figure was 80% black pupils to 25% black teachers). Certainly, he argued, 'one way of helping black children to gain confidence in themselves and in their schooling is by employing more black teachers', but the battle in brent 'ended up as a fight about the right to employ black teachers rather than as a fight for improving the education of all children, in which black teachers were to be the means to an end'.13 or, as he wrote of the burnage report, 'the fight for racial justice, if rightly fought, must of its very nature improve and enlarge justice for all'.14 or, as london director of education herman ouseley argues, the challenge is not so much whether those sections who are habitually excluded have legitimate needs, but 'how to convince those that are better-off - as well as different interest groups among the deprived and excluded - that a political and social response to one section is not against the interests of any other, but is, in fact, in the best interests of all'.15 and the reason why this view goes beyond the morally self-evident is contained in the key concept of exclusion.
Marxism Today November 1988

POLITICAL THEATRE

42 october 1983 marxism today political theatre david edgar david edgar, the playwright, {left) and ron daniels, the director, at the rsc's maydays rehearsal david edgar's new play maydays — which opens at the royal shakespeare company's barbican theatre on 30 october — contains a controversial analysis of the successes and failures of the new left in britain since the late 50s. Perhaps for that reason, contemporary british political theatre — the whole network of writers, directors, performers and theatre groups which mushroomed in the wake of the abolition of theatre censorship in 1968 — have by contrast to their predecessors made plays set firmly in the present tense, which sought to intervene directly and unambiguously in the political debates of the contemporary world.
Marxism Today October 1983

Brixton and After

Police stereotyping of black youth as criminals, the use of laws such as sus and the harassment and criminalisation of sections of the black community have been documented in studies by the institute of race relations police against black people and lambeth council's inquiry into the police. st paul's and brixton the centres of the revolts in st paul's and the railton road area of even more police were sent on to the streets, many with riot shields; brixton are where police confrontation with the black community is at the tube station was closed, buses halted and the whole area sealed off, its sharpest.
Marxism Today July 1981

The Easter Rising as History

W.c.2. the easter rising as history ____________________________ by c. desmond greaves a jubilee coincides with the fifty year limit and is not therefore an ideal time for assessing an event historically. One way of viewing its history is to regard the entire period from 1912 to 1923 as the irish revolution, and the home rule crisis, the distortion of its development through the war, the rising and aftermath, the national resurgence, declaration of independence, anglo-irish war, truce and civil war, as the concrete forms the struggle took in its successive phases.
Socialist History Society Pamphlets The Easter Rising as History

ARTS

french speakers r a n v i e r , member of the commune l issa caray, national guard l ongue t , member of the commune v ajllant t hei sz members l eo f r a n k e l i of the se r r a i l l t e r commune andrieux arnaud d e l a haye, member of the labour committee cournet, member of the commune c a m e l i n a t , director of the mint e u d e s , member of the commune joffrin, delegate from the 18th arrondisement a 22 d m i s s i o l e moussu, commissary of public safety bours i e r , member of the cemral committee engli sh speakers dr . k arl m arx h a le8 m ilner w es t o n m cd o n n e l j o h n s o n b o o n m it c h eli. p u b l i c m eetin g will be held in st. g eo rg e s h a l l , langham place, regent street, u n d e r t h e a u s p i c e s of t h e members of the international, the democrats of london and the refugees of the commune, on monday, march 18, 1872, at fichi pm., to commemorate t h e social revolution of paris.
7 Days Wednesday 9 February, 1972 No. 15.

Dickens and Flaubert: A Tale of Two Housing Estates

135 soundings a tale of two housing estates between 1993 and 1995 my colleague philip smith and i were involved in a study of the responses of public professionals, politicians and local residents to youth crime and the violent victimisation of children and young people on the dickens estate in east london and the flaubert estate in an industrial suburb to the west of paris.5 in many ways, the two estates typified the changing pattern of crime and victimisation on socially deprived public housing estates in the two countries. They also encourage young people, particularly the unemployed, to set up and run their own projects.8 social prevention on the flaubert estate on the flaubert estate local employment policy aimed to offer local jobs on the estate to local people in order to reduce local unemployment and reinforce community ties.
Soundings Issue 8, Spring 1998

Dickens and Flaubert A tale of two housing estates

135 soundings a tale of two housing estates between 1993 and 1995 my colleague philip smith and i were involved in a study of the responses of public professionals, politicians and local residents to youth crime and the violent victimisation of children and young people on the dickens estate in east london and the flaubert estate in an industrial suburb to the west of paris.5 in many ways, the two estates typified the changing pattern of crime and victimisation on socially deprived public housing estates in the two countries. They also encourage young people, particularly the unemployed, to set up and run their own projects.8 social prevention on the flaubert estate on the flaubert estate local employment policy aimed to offer local jobs on the estate to local people in order to reduce local unemployment and reinforce community ties.
Soundings soundings issue 8 Spring 1998

Brave New World

though the debate still rages as to whether 'post-fordism' exists, most commentators would agree that it covers at least some of the following characteristics: a shift to the new 'information technologies'; more flexible, decentralised forms of labour process and work organisation; decline of the old manufacturing base and the growth of the 'sunrise', computerbased industries; the hiving-off or contracting-out of functions and services; a greater emphasis on choice and product differentiation, on marketing, packaging and design, on the 'targeting' of consumers by lifestyle, taste and culture rather than by the registrar general's categories of social class; a decline in the proportion of the skilled, male, manual working class, the rise of the service and white-collar classes and the 'feminisation' of the workforce; an economy dominated by the multinationals, with their new international division of labour and their greater autonomy from nation-state control; the 'globalisation' of the new financial markets, linked by the communications 24 revolution; and new forms of the spatial organisation of social processes. Far from there being no resistance to the system, there has been a proliferation of new points of antagonism, new social movements of resistance organised around them and, consequently, a generalisation of 'politics' to spheres which hitherto the left assumed to be apolitical; a politics of the family, of health, of food, of sexuality, of the body.
Marxism Today October 1988

HealthCare a headache for the Left

in the gdr 6% of the population are employed in health and personal social services, (compared with less than 3% in britain) and the government's emphasis is now on increasing the efficiency of the health service through 'better' management — almost exactly the managerial strategy applied (without much success) in britain in the 70s.6 in poland, gierek's government introduced a national health fund for voluntary subscriptions, to increase the budget for health care.7 the hungarian health service deploys twice as many doctors per thousand population as britain, and has a 25% larger workforce than the nhs but pay rates for health workers are lower than nhs rates, relative to gdp. We are now so used to conflicts within the apparatus of health care, and so aware that similar problems do not (often) appear in france, west germany or scandinavia, that .we can believe that our health care crisis is as unique as our health service.
Marxism Today October 1982

Reviews

to continue to talk of nations, national groups, national minorities or races, he maintains, is to play the game of the ruling class, to divide the people, to open the road to bantustans, and into this category of splitters he puts soviet scholars like potekhin, the south african communist party, the anc because they take cognisance of national categories, try to analyse their significance and work out a strategy for effective political action based on the realities of life rather than theoretical fantasies. All three manifest a bias against the south african communist party, its strategy and tactics, despite the fact that the cp has done more than any other organisation in south africa to rouse political consciousness and link theory and practice through the application of the principles of marxism-leninism.
Marxism Today February 1980

Causes without a rebel

socialist feminist dissidents are often accused of being anti-working class when all we have done is rediscover that the priorities of poor women, working women waged and unwaged, have been ill-served by the labour movement, alias men's movement. Middle class labour professionals spurn feminism as a middle class preoc- cupation, ambitious white men scorn black competitors for being ambitious, and political parties feel safe from the poor because the poor aren't in parties.
Marxism Today October 1986

THE POLICE BILL

Even more abhorrently, it complaining allows police assault on suspects' vaginas organisations and bishops have a lot of clout and anuses or 'body orifices', as the bill in the house of lords where the bill is due euphemistically terms them in a new power next and the signs are that the government to carry out 'intimate body searches'. These powers, described by minis- without charge, are instead applicable to ter of state patrick mayhew mp as 'fire- 'serious arrestable offences', defined as brigade action', give official encouragement offences which the police officer exercising to the tendency by police to rush in and the power in each case, thinks to be a arrest at the slightest hint of 'trouble' rather serious arrestable offence.
Marxism Today May 1983

The Sharp Edge of Stephen's City

Soundings issue 12 summer 1999 the sharp edge of stephen's city nick jeffrey following the murder of stephen lawrence six years ago at a bus stop in south east london, his family's long campaign for justice has been a milestone in the battle against racism in britain. Seven other boys, four white, 26 the sharp edge of stephen's city survived knife attacks in that period in eltham, each incident with connections to the five main suspects in the lawrence case, or to their alleged young racist associates. '
Soundings Issue 12, Summer 1999

The sharp edge of Stephen's city

Soundings issue 12 summer 1999 the sharp edge of stephen's city nick jeffrey following the murder of stephen lawrence six years ago at a bus stop in south east london, his family's long campaign for justice has been a milestone in the battle against racism in britain. Seven other boys, four white, 26 the sharp edge of stephen's city survived knife attacks in that period in eltham, each incident with connections to the five main suspects in the lawrence case, or to their alleged young racist associates. '
Soundings soundings issue 12 summer 1999

HOME SPECIAL

D f r e y m il l e t t e acquitted of riot, affray, assault, possessing an offensive weapon acquitted of riot and affray r a d f o r d l e ig h t o n howe acquitted of riot and affray n o w 7 d a y s ta lk s to m e m b e r s o f th e n in e a b o u t 5 1 7 days 7 days 22 december 1971 22 december 1971 blacks in britain today e 'v e been subjected in this trial to spectacles of naked judicial tyranny. 7 days 2 2 december 1971 t h e m a n g ro v e t ria l is over w ith f iv e a c q u itte d a n d f o u r o n s u s p e n d e d s e n te n c e s a n t h o n y c a r l y l e inness rhodan gordon a l t h e a jo n e s -le
7 Days Wednesday 22 December 1971 Vol 1, No 9

Soft Vengeance

When they go to bed at night do they simply discuss the role of the white working class?' well, apparently that night when people went to bed they were discussing whether art should be called a weapon of struggle or not. one of the striking thing's in your book the soft vengeance of a freedom fighter is that the language of your re-acquaintance with your own body after being blown up, the discovery that your body was alive, the pleasure in the discovery that you'd survived.
Marxism Today October 1991

White Skins/Black Masks: The Pleasures And Politics Of Imperialism

in the late nineteenth century, 'slumming' expeditions with police protection were not uncommon 40 and sociological and philanthropic literature was prolific; titles such as henry mayhew's london life and london labour, andrew mearns's the bitter cry of outcast london, william booth's into darkest england (echoing stanley), and charles booth's multi-volumed life and labour, made visible the underside of london life. The argument which stoller presents may also be read as describing a fantasy of subjugated alterity, which identifies cross-cultural dressing as a violent expropriation or castration; the white man as native tearing the body of native from his self.
New Formations Number 9 Winter 1989

Whole Volume

Son image dans des differents milieux sociaux, by chombart de lauwe and others: to show how the discrimination against wo­ men relates to racial discrimination in the united states, a comparison may be made of the following figures for average annual income, taking the white man as 100%: white men........................................ 100% black men.......................... 63% white women............................... 59% black women............................... 42% (statistics from the labour department of the united states 1965) b) by assigning to women those tasks in produc­ tion which are considered to be ‘light’, to justify the working women’s obligation to continue replac­ ing labour power in the home on returning from the factory. the root causes of women’s oppression may be summed up as follows: a) the original economic necessity for the pri­ vate replacement of labour power, b) the division of labour between the sexes which obliges women to shoulder the responsibility of invisible labour, c) the consequent development of a hidden sex ideology which deforms our ideas of what men and women should do in life.
Red Rag Volume 14

Jatinder Verma

the artistic director of tara arts, britain's leading asian company, jatinder verma was born in tanzania and came to england in 1968. In 1990 his unique blending of british, european and asian cultural heritages was rewarded with the time out/01 for london special drama award.
Marxism Today November 1991

Sisters And Slogans

The exception to this is when women are involved in local authority women's committees where party in-fighting often gives way to open and public discussion between labour women and women in the community and a sense of a common women's agenda. for instance: in the 'sex and violence' chapter, she talks a lot about a debate that took place at the end of the 1970s the famous 'political lesbian' argument when a group of revolutionary feminists (women who argue that male sexual power is central to male power in general) argued that to be politically 'correct' women should not only refuse to sleep with men: they should also make a political choice for women.
Marxism Today April 1987

The Commitment To Theory

perhaps we need to change the ocular language of the image in order to talk of the social and political identifications or representations of a 'people' - it is worth noting that laclau and mouffe have turned to the language of textuality and discourse, to differance and enunciative modalities, in attempting to understand the structure of hegemony.11 paul gilroy also refers to bakhtin's theory of narrative when he describes the performance of black expressive cultures as an attempt to transform the relationship between performer and crowd 'in dialogic rituals so that spectators acquire the active role of participants in collective processes which are sometimes cathartic and which may symbolize or even create a community' (my emphasis).12 such negotiations between politics and theory make it impossible to think of the place of the theoretical as a metanarrative claiming a more total form of generality. The concerns of the conference were publicized in these terms: with the major political and economic changes experienced in both the euroamerican and so-called third world since the late '70s, the issue of cultural specificity (the need to know which specific social-historical processes are at work in the generation of cultural products) and the question of how precisely social existence overdetermines cultural practices have taken on a new and crucial importance.
New Formations Number 5 Summer 1988